TITLE 3. EMPLOYER-EMPLOYEE RELATIONS

SUBCHAPTER A. GENERAL PROVISIONS

  1. Sec. 102.001. DEFINITION. In this chapter, "board" means an arbitration board appointed under this chapter.
  2. Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 269, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993.
  1. Sec. 102.002. DISPUTE RESOLUTION THROUGH ARBITRATION. (a) An employer and employees may submit a dispute or grievance resulting from the employer's and employees' work relationship to a board for a hearing and determination.
  2. (b) An arbitration may not be conducted under this chapter without the consent of all parties involved in the dispute or grievance.
  3. Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 269, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993.

SUBCHAPTER B. SELECTION OF BOARD AND OFFICERS

  1. Sec. 102.011. NUMBER OF BOARD MEMBERS. A board established under this chapter must be composed of five members.
  2. Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 269, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1. 1993.
  1. Sec. 102.012. EMPLOYER REPRESENTATION ON BOARD. The employer may designate two arbitrators to serve on the board.
  2. Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 269, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993.
  1. Sec. 102.013. EMPLOYEE REPRESENTATION ON BOARD. (a) In a dispute or grievance in which the affected employees are members in good standing of a labor organization:
    1. (1) if the organization is represented by a delegate in a central body, the central body may designate two arbitrators to serve on the board; and
    2. (2) if the organization is not represented by a delegate in a central body, the organization may designate two arbitrators to serve on the board.
  2. (b) In a dispute or grievance in which all of the affected employees are not represented by a labor organization, the labor organization in concurrent action with a majority of those employees not represented by a labor organization may designate two arbitrators to serve on the board.
  3. (c) In a dispute or grievance that concerns two or more classes or grades of employees who belong to different labor organizations, the labor organizations in concurrent action may designate two arbitrators to serve on the board.
  4. (d) If the employees concerned in the dispute or grievance are not members of a labor organization, those employees shall call a meeting to elect by majority vote two arbitrators to serve on the board.
  5. Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 269, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993.
  1. Sec. 102.014. CHAIRMAN. (a) The four arbitrators selected under Sections 102.012 and 102.013 shall designate a fifth arbitrator who serves as the chairman of the board.
  2. (b) If an agreement as to a fifth arbitrator cannot be reached under Subsection (a), on notice of any arbitrator a district judge of the district that has jurisdiction over the dispute or grievance shall appoint the fifth arbitrator, who serves as the chairman of the board.
  3. Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 269, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993.
  1. Sec. 102.015. BOARD SECRETARY. The board shall select one member to act as secretary for the board.
  2. Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 269, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993.
  1. Sec. 102.016. ARBITRATOR'S CONSENT TO ACT. (a) An arbitrator selected under this chapter must:
    1. (1) sign a form consenting to serve as an arbitrator; and
    2. (2) take and sign an oath administered by an officer authorized to administer oaths to faithfully and impartially discharge the duties of an arbitrator.
  2. (b) A written copy of the consent form and oath shall be filed with the district clerk for the county in which the arbitration is conducted.
  3. Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 269, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993.

SUBCHAPTER C. POWERS AND DUTIES OF BOARD AND OFFICERS

  1. Sec. 102.021. POWERS AND DUTIES OF BOARD. (a) A board may adopt and enforce rules to be followed at board hearings.
  2. (b) The board may set a schedule of sessions and adjournments.
  3. (c) The board shall hear and examine witnesses who are brought before the board and consider other proof given that is relevant to the matter in dispute.
  4. Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 269, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993.
  1. Sec. 102.022. CHAIRMAN'S DUTIES. (a) The chairman of the board may:
    1. (1) administer oaths; and
    2. (2) issue subpoenas for the production of books and papers and the attendance of witnesses.
  2. (b) The chairman of the board may exercise the powers granted under this section to the same extent as a judge of a court of record in this state.
  3. Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 269, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993.
  1. Sec. 102.023. ISSUANCE OF SUBPOENAS. (a) The board's secretary shall sign each subpoena issued under this chapter.
  2. (b) The board may authorize a person of full age to serve a subpoena issued under this chapter.
  3. Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 269, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993.

SUBCHAPTER D. PARTY CONDUCT

  1. Sec. 102.031. EMPLOYEE TERMINATION RESTRICTED. During the period that the arbitration is pending, an employer or receiver or an agent of the employer may not discharge an employee who is a party to the arbitration except for:
    1. (1) the employee's inefficiency, violation of law, or neglect of duty; or
    2. (2) the employer's need for a work force reduction.
    Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 269, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993.
  1. Sec. 102.032. PROHIBITIONS AGAINST STRIKES OR BOYCOTTS. (a) During the period that arbitration is pending, a labor organization that represents employees who are parties to the arbitration may not order or aid employees in a strike or boycott against the employer or receiver.
  2. (b) Employees who are parties to the arbitration may not engage in or aid a strike or boycott of the employer or receiver.
  3. Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 269, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993.

SUBCHAPTER E. FILINGS WITH BOARD; HEARINGS

  1. Sec. 102.041. WRITTEN SUBMISSION OF DISPUTE OR GRIEVANCE. (a) The question to be decided by the board must be submitted to the board in writing, signed by:
    1. (1) the employer or receiver; and
    2. (2) the labor organization representing the employees or the employee or any employee or employees to be affected by the arbitration who do not belong to a labor organization.
  2. (b) The submission must stipulate that:
    1. (1) pending the arbitration, the status existing before the dispute, grievance, or strike may not be changed;
    2. (2) the arbitration award shall be filed with the district clerk for the county in which the arbitration is conducted;
    3. (3) the arbitration award is final and may not be set aside except for an error in law that is apparent on the record;
    4. (4) the parties will faithfully execute the arbitration award;
    5. (5) the arbitration award may be enforced in a court of equity;
    6. (6) an employee dissatisfied with the arbitration award may not end employment because of that dissatisfaction without giving the employer 30 days' written notice of the intention to end employment;
    7. (7) the award continues in effect until the first anniversary of the initial date of its implementation; and
    8. (8) a new arbitration of the same subject matter between the same parties may not be entered into during the one year period provided for in Subdivision (7).
    Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 269, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993.
  1. Sec. 102.042. HEARING; NOTICE. (a) The board shall conduct a hearing not later than the 10th day after the agreement to arbitrate is filed.
  2. (b) Each party to the dispute is entitled to receive notice of the time and place of the hearing.
  3. Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 269, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993.

SUBCHAPTER F. COURT FILINGS AND ORDERS

  1. Sec. 102.051. ARBITRATION PETITION. A board may submit a written petition signed by a majority of the board to a district judge in the county in which the dispute or grievance arose. The petition must:
    1. (1) show that the board was selected according to the procedures set forth in this chapter;
    2. (2) state the nature of the dispute or grievance that is the subject matter of the arbitration; and
    3. (3) request the judge to issue an order establishing and approving the board.
    Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 269, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993.
  1. Sec. 102.052. COURT ORDER REQUIRED. On receipt of a petition filed under Section 102.051, the judge shall issue an order establishing an arbitration board. The order shall refer the matter in dispute to the board for a hearing and determination of the matter in dispute.
  2. Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 269, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993.
  1. Sec. 102.053. FILING OF PETITION AND ORDER. The petition and the subsequent order or a copy of the petition and order shall be filed with the district clerk in the county in which the arbitration is conducted.
  2. Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 269, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993.

SUBCHAPTER G. EXPENSES AND FEES

  1. Sec. 102.061. SURETY BOND. Before a board considers a dispute or grievance, each party shall file a bond in an amount set by the board and conditioned on the payment of all expenses connected with the arbitration procedure. The bond must have two or more good and sufficient sureties.
  2. Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 269, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993.
  1. Sec. 102.062. BOARD MEMBER EXPENSES. A member of the board is entitled to receive:
    1. (1) three dollars a day for each day of actual service on the board not to exceed $30; and
    2. (2) five cents a mile for each mile traveled to and from the place where the board is in session.
    Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 269, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993.
  1. Sec. 102.063. REIMBURSEMENT OF WITNESS. A witness called by the board is entitled to receive:
    1. (1) 50 cents a day for each day's attendance; and
    2. (2) five cents a mile for each mile traveled by the shortest route to and from a board hearing where the witness' attendance is required.
    Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 269, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993.
  1. Sec. 102.064. FEES. (a) The board may charge fees and mileage paid under Sections 102.062 and 102.063 against either or both parties.
  2. (b) Fees and mileage charged against a party under this section shall be included in the award.
  3. Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 269, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993.

SUBCHAPTER H. AWARD AND APPEALS

  1. Sec. 102.071. TERMINATION OF BOARD'S POWER. Except as provided by Section 102.072, a board's power ends on the determination of the grievance or dispute by the board.
  2. Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 269, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993.
  1. Sec. 102.072. ADDITIONAL DISPUTE OR GRIEVANCE. (a) If, at the time a board renders its determination, a similar grievance or dispute exists between the same class of persons for which a board may be created, those persons may submit the dispute or grievance to the board.
  2. (b) The board has the same power to act and determine a dispute or grievance submitted under this section as the board would have if it had been created to determine that dispute or grievance.
  3. Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 269, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993.
  1. Sec. 102.073. COPIES OF AWARD; ISSUANCE. (a) The board shall issue three copies of the arbitration award.
  2. (b) The board shall:
    1. (1) file one copy of the award with the district clerk;
    2. (2) issue one copy of the award to the employer or receiver; and
    3. (3) issue one copy of the award to the employees or the employees' representative.
    Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 269, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993.
  1. Sec. 102.074. JUDGMENT ON AWARD; EFFECTIVE DATE; EXCEPTION. (a) Judgment shall be entered on an award made under this chapter and the award takes effect, unless a timely exception is filed, on the 11th day after the date it is filed with the district clerk under Section 102.073.
  2. (b) A party may file an exception to an award for a matter of law apparent on the record. The exception must be filed with the court not later than the 10th day after the date on which the award is filed with the district clerk under Section 102.073.
  3. (c) If an exception is filed, judgment shall be entered on the award and the award takes effect on the 11th day after the date of the decision of the district court on the exception or on appeal from the district court's decision under Section 102.075.
  4. Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 269, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993.
  1. Sec. 102.075. APPEALS. (a) Either party to an arbitration case decided by a district court may file an appeal of the district court's decision not later than the 10th day after the date on which the judgment is entered.
  2. (b) The decision of the court of appeals under this section is final. The clerk of the court of appeals shall certify the decision and the district court shall enter the judgment.
  3. (c) If the court of appeals sustains the exception, it shall set aside the award, but the parties may agree on a judgment to be entered disposing of the dispute. A judgment on an agreement entered into under this subsection has the same force and effect of law as a judgment entered on an award by a board of arbitration.
  4. Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 269, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993.

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