SUBCHAPTER A. GENERAL PROVISIONS

  1. Sec. 3856.001. DEFINITIONS. In this chapter:
    1. (1) "Board" means the district's board of directors.
    2. (2) "District" means the Galveston Grand Beach Management District.
    Added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1128 (H.B. 4053), Sec. 1, eff. June 15, 2007.
  1. Sec. 3856.002. GALVESTON GRAND BEACH MANAGEMENT DISTRICT. The district is a special district created under Section 59, Article XVI, Texas Constitution.
  2. Added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1128 (H.B. 4053), Sec. 1, eff. June 15, 2007.
  1. Sec. 3856.003. PURPOSE; DECLARATION OF INTENT. (a) The creation of the district is essential to accomplish the purposes of Sections 52 and 52-a, Article III, and Section 59, Article XVI, Texas Constitution, and other public purposes stated in this chapter. By creating the district and in authorizing the City of Galveston, Galveston County, and other political subdivisions to contract with the district, the legislature has established a program to accomplish the public purposes set out in Section 52-a, Article III, Texas Constitution.
  2. (b) The creation of the district is necessary to promote, develop, encourage, and maintain employment, commerce, transportation, housing, tourism, recreation, the arts, entertainment, economic development, safety, and the public welfare in the district.
  3. (c) This chapter and the creation of the district may not be interpreted to relieve the City of Galveston or Galveston County from providing the level of services provided as of the effective date of the Act enacting this chapter to the area in the district. The district is created to supplement and not to supplant the county or city services provided in the area in the district.
  4. Added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1128 (H.B. 4053), Sec. 1, eff. June 15, 2007.
  1. Sec. 3856.004. FINDINGS OF BENEFIT AND PUBLIC PURPOSE. (a) The district is created to serve a public use and benefit.
  2. (b) All land and other property included in the district will benefit from the improvements and services to be provided by the district under powers conferred by Sections 52 and 52-a, Article III, and Section 59, Article XVI, Texas Constitution, and other powers granted under this chapter.
  3. (c) The creation of the district is in the public interest and is essential to:
    1. (1) further the public purposes of developing and diversifying the economy of the state;
    2. (2) eliminate unemployment and underemployment; and
    3. (3) develop or expand transportation and commerce.
  4. (d) The district will:
    1. (1) promote the health, safety, and general welfare of residents, employers, potential employees, employees, visitors, and consumers in the district, and of the public;
    2. (2) provide needed funding for the district to preserve, maintain, and enhance the economic health and vitality of the district territory as a residential community and business center; and
    3. (3) promote the health, safety, welfare, and enjoyment of the public by providing pedestrian ways and by landscaping and developing certain areas in the district, which are necessary for the restoration, preservation, and enhancement of scenic beauty.
  5. (e) Pedestrian ways along or across a street, whether at grade or above or below the surface, and street lighting, street landscaping, parking, and street art objects are parts of and necessary components of a street and are considered to be a street or road improvement.
  6. (f) The district will not act as the agent or instrumentality of any private interest even though the district will benefit many private interests as well as the public.
  7. Added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1128 (H.B. 4053), Sec. 1, eff. June 15, 2007.
  1. Sec. 3856.005. DISTRICT TERRITORY. (a) The district is composed of the territory described by Section 2 of the Act enacting this chapter, as that territory may have been modified under:
    1. (1) Section 3856.108;
    2. (2) Subchapter J, Chapter 49, Water Code; or
    3. (3) other law.
  2. (b) The boundaries and field notes of the district contained in Section 2 of the Act enacting this chapter form a closure. A mistake in the field notes or in copying the field notes in the legislative process does not in any way affect the district's:
    1. (1) organization, existence, or validity;
    2. (2) right to issue any type of bond for a purpose for which the district is created or to pay the principal of and interest on the bond;
    3. (3) right to impose or collect an assessment or tax; or
    4. (4) legality or operation.
    Added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1128 (H.B. 4053), Sec. 1, eff. June 15, 2007.
  1. Sec. 3856.006. ELIGIBILITY FOR INCLUSION IN SPECIAL ZONES. All or any part of the area of the district is eligible to be included in:
    1. (1) a tax increment reinvestment zone created by a municipality under Chapter 311, Tax Code;
    2. (2) a tax abatement reinvestment zone created by a municipality under Chapter 312, Tax Code; or
    3. (3) an enterprise zone created by a municipality under Chapter 2303, Government Code.
    Added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1128 (H.B. 4053), Sec. 1, eff. June 15, 2007.
  1. Sec. 3856.007. APPLICABILITY OF MUNICIPAL MANAGEMENT DISTRICTS LAW. Except as otherwise provided by this chapter, Chapter 375, Local Government Code, applies to the district.
  2. Added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1128 (H.B. 4053), Sec. 1, eff. June 15, 2007.
  1. Sec. 3856.008. LIBERAL CONSTRUCTION OF CHAPTER. This chapter shall be liberally construed in conformity with the findings and purposes stated in this chapter.
  2. Added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1128 (H.B. 4053), Sec. 1, eff. June 15, 2007.

SUBCHAPTER B. BOARD OF DIRECTORS

  1. Sec. 3856.051. GOVERNING BODY; TERMS. (a) The district is governed by a board of nine voting directors appointed under Section 3856.052 and nonvoting directors as provided by Section 3856.053.
  2. (b) Voting directors serve staggered terms of four years, with four or five directors' terms expiring June 1 of each odd-numbered year.
  3. (c) The board by resolution may increase or decrease the number of directors on the board if the board finds that it is in the best interest of the district. The board may not consist of fewer than seven or more than 13 directors.
  4. Added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1128 (H.B. 4053), Sec. 1, eff. June 15, 2007.
  1. Sec. 3856.052. APPOINTMENT OF DIRECTORS. The board shall nominate a slate of persons to serve on the succeeding board as voting directors. The members of the governing body of the City of Galveston shall appoint as voting directors the slate of persons nominated by the board.
  2. Added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1128 (H.B. 4053), Sec. 1, eff. June 15, 2007.
  1. Sec. 3856.053. NONVOTING DIRECTORS. (a) The following persons serve as nonvoting directors:
    1. (1) the directors of the following departments of the City of Galveston or a person designated by that director:
      1. (A) parks and recreation;
      2. (B) planning and zoning; and
      3. (C) public works; and
    2. (2) the city manager of the City of Galveston or a person designated by the city manager.
  2. (b) If a department described by Subsection (a) is consolidated, renamed, or changed, the board may appoint a director of the consolidated, renamed, or changed department as a nonvoting director. If a department described by Subsection (a) is abolished, the board may appoint a representative of another department that performs duties comparable to those performed by the abolished entity.
  3. (c) Nonvoting directors are not counted for the purposes of establishing a quorum of the board.
  4. Added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1128 (H.B. 4053), Sec. 1, eff. June 15, 2007.
  1. Sec. 3856.054. CONFLICTS OF INTEREST; ONE-TIME AFFIDAVIT. (a) Except as provided by this section:
    1. (1) a director may participate in all board votes and decisions; and
    2. (2) Chapter 171, Local Government Code, governs conflicts of interest for directors.
  2. (b) Section 171.004, Local Government Code, does not apply to the district. A director who has a substantial interest in a business or charitable entity that will receive a pecuniary benefit from a board action shall file a one-time affidavit declaring the interest. An additional affidavit is not required if the director's interest changes. After the affidavit is filed with the board secretary, the director may participate in a discussion or vote on that action if:
    1. (1) a majority of the directors have a similar interest in the same entity; or
    2. (2) all other similar business or charitable entities in the district will receive a similar pecuniary benefit.
  3. (c) A director who is also an officer or employee of a public entity may not participate in the discussion of or vote on a matter regarding a contract with that same public entity.
  4. (d) For purposes of this section, a director has a substantial interest in a charitable entity in the same manner that a person would have a substantial interest in a business entity under Section 171.002, Local Government Code.
  5. Added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1128 (H.B. 4053), Sec. 1, eff. June 15, 2007.

SUBCHAPTER C. POWERS AND DUTIES

  1. Sec. 3856.101. ADDITIONAL POWERS OF DISTRICT. The district may exercise the powers given to:
    1. (1) a corporation created under Chapter 505, Local Government Code, including the power to own, operate, acquire, construct, lease, improve, and maintain projects described by that chapter;
    2. (2) a housing finance corporation created under Chapter 394, Local Government Code, to provide housing or residential development projects in the district;
    3. (3) a road utility district under Chapter 441, Transportation Code;
    4. (4) a navigation district under Subchapters E and M, Chapter 60, Water Code; and
    5. (5) a navigation district under Section 61.116, Water Code.
    Added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1128 (H.B. 4053), Sec. 1, eff. June 15, 2007.
    Amended by:
    Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 87 (S.B. 1969), Sec. 21.045, eff. September 1, 2009.
  1. Sec. 3856.102. NONPROFIT CORPORATION. (a) The board by resolution may authorize the creation of a nonprofit corporation to assist and act for the district in implementing a project or providing a service authorized by this chapter.
  2. (b) The nonprofit corporation:
    1. (1) has each power of and is considered for purposes of this chapter to be a local government corporation created under Chapter 431, Transportation Code; and
    2. (2) may implement any project and provide any service authorized by this chapter.
  3. (c) The board shall appoint the board of directors of the nonprofit corporation. The board of directors of the nonprofit corporation shall serve in the same manner as the board of directors of a local government corporation created under Chapter 431, Transportation Code.
  4. Added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1128 (H.B. 4053), Sec. 1, eff. June 15, 2007.
  1. Sec. 3856.103. AGREEMENTS; GRANTS. (a) The district may make an agreement with or accept a gift, grant, or loan from any person.
  2. (b) The implementation of a project is a governmental function or service for the purposes of Chapter 791, Government Code.
  3. Added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1128 (H.B. 4053), Sec. 1, eff. June 15, 2007.
  1. Sec. 3856.104. AUTHORITY TO CONTRACT FOR LAW ENFORCEMENT. To protect the public interest, the district may contract with Galveston County or the City of Galveston to provide law enforcement services in the district for a fee.
  2. Added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1128 (H.B. 4053), Sec. 1, eff. June 15, 2007.
  1. Sec. 3856.105. COMPETITIVE BIDDING. Section 375.221, Local Government Code, applies to the district only for a contract that has a value greater than $25,000.
  2. Added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1128 (H.B. 4053), Sec. 1, eff. June 15, 2007.
  1. Sec. 3856.106. MEMBERSHIP IN CHARITABLE ORGANIZATIONS. (a) The district may join and pay dues to an organization that:
    1. (1) enjoys tax-exempt status under Section 501(c)(3), (4), or (6), Internal Revenue Code of 1986; and
    2. (2) performs a service or provides an activity consistent with the furtherance of a district purpose.
  2. (b) An expenditure of public money for membership in the organization is considered to further a district purpose and to be for a public purpose.
  3. Added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1128 (H.B. 4053), Sec. 1, eff. June 15, 2007.
  1. Sec. 3856.107. ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS. (a) The district may establish and provide for the administration of one or more programs to promote state or local economic development and to stimulate business and commercial activity in the district, including programs to:
    1. (1) make loans and grants of public money; and
    2. (2) provide district personnel and services.
  2. (b) For purposes of this section, the district has all of the powers of a municipality under Chapter 380, Local Government Code.
  3. Added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1128 (H.B. 4053), Sec. 1, eff. June 15, 2007.
  1. Sec. 3856.108. ANNEXATION. In addition to the authority to annex territory under Subchapter C, Chapter 375, Local Government Code, the district may annex territory in a reinvestment zone created by the City of Galveston under Chapter 311, Tax Code, if the city's governing body consents to the annexation.
  2. Added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1128 (H.B. 4053), Sec. 1, eff. June 15, 2007.
  1. Sec. 3856.109. NO EMINENT DOMAIN. The district may not exercise the power of eminent domain.
  2. Added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1128 (H.B. 4053), Sec. 1, eff. June 15, 2007.

SUBCHAPTER D. FINANCIAL PROVISIONS

  1. Sec. 3856.151. DISBURSEMENTS AND TRANSFERS OF MONEY. The board by resolution shall establish the number of directors' signatures and the procedure required for a disbursement or transfer of the district's money.
  2. Added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1128 (H.B. 4053), Sec. 1, eff. June 15, 2007.
  1. Sec. 3856.152. TAX AND BOND ELECTIONS. (a) The district shall hold an election in the manner provided by Subchapter L, Chapter 375, Local Government Code, to obtain voter approval before the district imposes an ad valorem tax or issues bonds payable from ad valorem taxes.
  2. (b) The board may include more than one purpose in a single proposition at an election.
  3. (c) Section 375.243, Local Government Code, does not apply to the district.
  4. Added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1128 (H.B. 4053), Sec. 1, eff. June 15, 2007.
  1. Sec. 3856.153. AD VALOREM TAX. (a) If authorized at an election held in accordance with Section 3856.152, the district may impose an annual ad valorem tax on taxable property in the district to:
    1. (1) maintain and operate the district;
    2. (2) construct or acquire improvements; or
    3. (3) provide a service.
  2. (b) The board shall determine the tax rate.
  3. Added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1128 (H.B. 4053), Sec. 1, eff. June 15, 2007.
  1. Sec. 3856.154. ASSESSMENTS; LIENS FOR ASSESSMENTS. (a) The board by resolution may impose and collect an assessment for any purpose authorized by this chapter.
  2. (b) The board may not impose an assessment on a parcel of real property with a taxable value of less than $50,000 at the time of the assessment, according to the most recent certified tax appraisal roll for Galveston County, unless the owner of that parcel agrees in writing to pay the assessment.
  3. (c) An assessment, a reassessment, or an assessment resulting from an addition to or correction of the assessment roll by the district, penalties and interest on an assessment or reassessment, an expense of collection, and reasonable attorney's fees incurred by the district:
    1. (1) are a first and prior lien against the property assessed;
    2. (2) are superior to any other lien or claim other than a lien or claim for county, school district, or municipal ad valorem taxes; and
    3. (3) are the personal liability of and a charge against the owners of the property even if the owners are not named in the assessment proceedings.
  4. (d) The lien is effective from the date of the board's resolution imposing the assessment until the date the assessment is paid. The board may enforce the lien in the same manner that the board may enforce an ad valorem tax lien against real property.
  5. (e) The board may make a correction to or deletion from the assessment roll that does not increase the amount of assessment of any parcel of land without providing notice and holding a hearing in the manner required for additional assessments.
  6. Added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1128 (H.B. 4053), Sec. 1, eff. June 15, 2007.
  1. Sec. 3856.155. PETITION REQUIRED FOR FINANCING SERVICES AND IMPROVEMENTS WITH ASSESSMENTS. (a) The board may not finance a service or improvement project with assessments under this chapter unless a written petition requesting that service or improvement has been filed with the board.
  2. (b) The petition must be signed by:
    1. (1) the owners of a majority of the assessed value of real property in the district subject to assessment according to the most recent certified tax appraisal roll for Galveston County; or
    2. (2) at least 25 persons who own real property in the district, if more than 25 persons own real property in the district according to the most recent certified tax appraisal roll for Galveston County.
    Added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1128 (H.B. 4053), Sec. 1, eff. June 15, 2007.
  1. Sec. 3856.156. UTILITY PROPERTY EXEMPT FROM IMPACT FEES OR ASSESSMENTS. The district may not impose an impact fee or assessment on the property, including the equipment, rights-of-way, facilities, or improvements, of:
    1. (1) an electric utility or a power generation company as defined by Section 31.002, Utilities Code;
    2. (2) a gas utility as defined by Section 101.003 or 121.001, Utilities Code; or
    3. (3) a person who provides to the public cable television or advanced telecommunications services.
    Added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1128 (H.B. 4053), Sec. 1, eff. June 15, 2007.
  1. Sec. 3856.157. BONDS AND OTHER OBLIGATIONS. (a) The district may issue bonds or other obligations payable wholly or partly from taxes, assessments, impact fees, revenue, grants, or other money of the district, or any combination of those sources of money, to pay for any authorized purpose of the district.
  2. (b) In exercising the district's borrowing power, the district may issue a bond or other obligation in the form of a bond, note, certificate of participation or other instrument evidencing a proportionate interest in payments to be made by the district, or other type of obligation.
  3. Added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1128 (H.B. 4053), Sec. 1, eff. June 15, 2007.
  1. Sec. 3856.158. MUNICIPALITY NOT REQUIRED TO PAY DISTRICT OBLIGATIONS. Except as provided by Section 375.263, Local Government Code, a municipality is not required to pay a bond, note, or other obligation of the district.
  2. Added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1128 (H.B. 4053), Sec. 1, eff. June 15, 2007.

SUBCHAPTER E. DISSOLUTION

  1. Sec. 3856.201. EXCEPTION FOR DISSOLUTION OF DISTRICT WITH OUTSTANDING DEBT. (a) The board may vote to dissolve a district that has debt. If the vote is in favor of dissolution, the district shall remain in existence solely for the limited purpose of discharging its debts. The dissolution is effective when all debts have been discharged.
  2. (b) Section 375.264, Local Government Code, does not apply to the district.
  3. Added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1128 (H.B. 4053), Sec. 1, eff. June 15, 2007.

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